Hawke's Bay earthquake 1931

Where can I find information about the Hawke's Bay earthquake in 1931?

Junior Secondary

(Years 7-10)

Black and white photo of the ruins of the Napier Nurses Home after the 1931 Hawkes's Bay earthquake.

Image: Ruins of the Napier Nurses Home after the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake by [unknown]. Collection: Alexander Turnbull Collection.

Entry last updated: 22/07/22

Introduction

The Hawke's Bay Earthquake (also known as the Napier Earthquake) occurred on the morning of Tuesday 3 February 1931. The quake devastated the region, injured thousands and killed at least 256 people, making it one of New Zealand's deadliest quakes. The Art Deco rebuild has led to Napier and Hastings being iconic for this architectural style.

General Websites

The following entries provide facts, personal memories and photos of the earthquake, the fires which came shortly afterwards, the aftershocks, the buildings destroyed, the lives lost, the rescue work and the rebuilding effort involved. These sites show how the landscape of the region has been changed forever.

Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand

This is an excellent starting point for all questions about Aotearoa New Zealand. If we go all the way down the page we can see that the website belongs to the Ministry for Culture & Heritage.

  • Look down the page to Sections and choose Earth, Sea and Sky.
  • Then go to Natural Hazards and Disasters to find Historic earthquakes.
  • Select The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake from the contents.

NZHistory

This is another website from the Ministry for Culture & Heritage for information about the history of Aotearoa New Zealand.

Tips: We like sites like this because they’re reliable. You can tell because of their web address – they have either .govt or .ac, meaning they are from government or educational organisations. They’re also New Zealand sites, so relevant for us.

Hastings District Libraries

Hastings Library like most public libraries has dedicated some of its website to areas of local history which include the 1931 earthquake.

  • Go to the Open menu icon at the top right of the page and select Find Information.
  • In the drop-down menu select Hawke's Bay Earthquake 1931.

Christchurch City Libraries

The library website has a list that covers all significant New Zealand earthquakes, including the Hawke's Bay earthquake.

  • Select the Learning tab at the top of the homepage.
  • Choose Homework resources for kids from the drop-down menu.
  • Look down the page for New Zealand Disasters.
  • Hawke's Bay earthquake is found under Earthquakes, Landslides & Volcanoes.

Tips: We like sites that are from government or other reputable organisations, because we can trust the information. You can sometimes tell these sites by their web address – they might have .govt or .edu in their address – or by looking at their About us or Contact pages.

Articles and Videos

Here are our favourite sites which provide articles, videos and other digitised content on the earthquake.

DigitalNZ

DigitalNZ is a search site that focuses on New Zealand history and brings together results from lots of different websites such as New Zealand libraries, museums, universities and government sites all at once.

Tips: Websites that have .org or .net in the address can have good information, but you need to assess how reliable it is. Check the About us link on the website, if you can find one. That can tell you what the organisation’s mission and values are.

Papers Past

This website is great for historic newspaper articles published in New Zealand about the Hawke's Bay earthquake.

  • Go to Newspapers to find articles about the earthquake.
  • You can choose to search by title, region or date, or by using your keywords.
  • Narrow your results by date or type of content to find the most relevant articles.

Tips: We like Papers Past because it is from a government organisation (the National Library of New Zealand). You can tell this by their web address, which includes .govt. It is also a New Zealand site, so it's relevant for us.

Scoop

This is a good website to look for news stories about New Zealand topics in more recent times. There are press releases, articles, speeches and more from government departments and other organisations.

  • In the search bar enter 'Hawke's Bay earthquake' or 'Napier earthquake'.
  • At the top of the page choose between sorting by date or relevance.
  • Use the options on the side to limit the results to a particular topic, like Disasters and Natural Events or a particular section, like New Zealand Politics.

Tips: Websites that have .com or .co in the address can have good information, but you need to assess how reliable it is. Check the About us link on the website, if you can find one. That can tell you what the company’s mission and values are.

EPIC resources

EPIC is a collection of reliable databases covering lots of different topics. It is put together especially for New Zealand school students and helps to answer questions like this. You may need a password from your school or local library to access it.

Australia/New Zealand Reference Centre

Look here for newspaper and magazine articles from New Zealand and Australian newspapers and magazines.

  • Enter 'Hawke's Bay earthquake' or 'Napier earthquake' into the search bar.
  • Select the Full text box to see the articles you can read online.

Tips: Search words, or keywords, are the most important words in our question. Usually it’s better to leave out small words like ‘the’, ‘a’ and ‘of’ and just choose the main ones, e.g Napier earthquake. We can always change our keywords or add more if we need to.

New Zealand Geographic

New Zealand Geographic is a magazine published bimonthly with a focus on New Zealand's biodiversity, geography and culture. This online resource allows access to the entire archive of the magazine.

Tips: To get to the EPIC resources you will need a password from your school librarian first. Or you can chat with one of our AnyQuestions librarians between 1 and 6pm Monday to Friday and they will help you online. Some EPIC databases may also be available through your public library.

Books

Your local or school library may have some books about the Hawke's Bay earthquake. We have listed a few titles to help you with your search.

Tips: When searching on a library catalogue, books which are best for research are called 'non-fiction.' These are fact or information books rather than stories.

SCIS no: 1836098

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